you a bitch
It’s called copula deletion, or zero copula. Many languages and dialects, including Ancient Greek and Russian, delete the copula (the verb to be) when the context is obvious.
So an utterance like “you a bitch” in AAVE is not an example of a misused you, but an example of a sentence that deletes the copular verb (are), which is a perfectly valid thing to do in that dialect, just as deleting an /r/ after a vowel is a perfectly valid thing to do in an upper-class British dialect.
What’s more, it’s been shown that copula deletion occurs in AAVE exactly in those contexts where copula contraction occurs in so-called “Standard American English.” That is, the basic sentence “You are great” can become “You’re great” in SAE and “You great” in AAVE, but “I know who you are” cannot become “I know who you’re” in SAE, and according to reports, neither can you get “I know who you” in AAVE.
In other words, AAVE is a set of grammatical rules just as complex and systematic as SAE, and the widespread belief that it is not is nothing more than yet another manifestation of deeply internalized racism.
if i ever don’t reblog this assume i’m dead
Remember that this game was supposed to be educational.
I like how this game was specifically constructed with an internal forbidden words list, but rampant profanity ended up being the LEAST of this game’s madnesses.
holla holla get $
Can people seriously not see why the whole “I’m not attracted to black people” concept is racist
Like, okay, nobody’s denying you your right to have preferences, but:
- Your preferences are not immune to being racist, and
- There is no reason other than racism for your preference to unilaterally rule out everyone of a specific race
Like, I dare you to come up with an answer to “what is it about black people you aren’t attracted to” that isn’t racist? What is the thing that all black people have, that nobody other than black people has, that’s a dealbreaker for you?
I’ll give you a hint: If your answer to that question implies that there is something both universal and exclusive to black people other than “they are black,” then that’s what we call a “racial stereotype” which is kind of textbook racist, and if your answer to “what is it about black people you aren’t attracted to” was “they are black,” then I’m not really sure what further explanation you need beyond the fact that you just said the thing you don’t like about black people is that they’re black.
Like, I get that you might prefer some physical characteristics over others, and whatever, that’s a different conversation for a different post, but just say that. There is no characteristic, physical or otherwise, that is universal or exclusive to any one race. If you met someone who had every trait you find attractive in a person, and was black, and you still ruled them out because they were black, then yes, that is racist.
Stop throwing up a “you can’t find everyone attractive” argument because you are fighting against the scarecrow version of the argument everyone else is actually making. No one is saying you can, or should, find everyone attractive. Nobody wants you to find everyone attractive. That would be exhausting for everyone involved.
What people do want is for you to stop saying you like one race less than all the others and then pretend anyone who calls you out on your racism is just shaming your preferences. Your preferences are racist, which means they don’t need anyone else’s help to be shameful.
And yes, by saying “I don’t find black people attractive,” you are saying you like black people less than everyone else, because you like everyone else enough that you’re attracted to them on a case-by-case basis, but all you need to hear is “black” and they’re not even an option.
Hey guys! Yesterday artofcrystaldawn asked me how I digitally clean up my scans so I thought I’d make a little tutorial for all of you! Today I’ll show you the steps I take to clean up my sketches and this afternoon I’m going to paint this drawing and then I’ll show you how I digitally tweak the scans of my watercolors. Digital is about 50% of the process for me, both in the beginning (color roughs) and the end (tweaking bad scans to make them look either like the original or better than the original!).
I’m by no means a photoshop-ninja, these are just things I’ve picked up over time, but I wish someone had told me how to clean scans years ago so I thought I’d post my process. Sorry if this post takes up a lot of space on your dashboards (lots of photos!). If you don’t want to read it all, here’s a short breakdown of tips:
1. use a rough-edged brush to paint white
2. treat the rubber stamp tool like a brush and alter it’s settings, you’ll get more natural results
3. err on the side of not overdoing things. over-adjusting levels or over-doing the rubber stamp will look either garish or blurry (the more you rubber stamp, the blurrier it gets). Dab at it instead.
This entire process takes about 10 minutes once you’re used to it, so it’s pretty fast!
STEP ONE: PAINT AWAY STUFF YOU DON’T WANT
Here’s the original scan of this drawing, pretty crappy:
I use a rough-edged brush to paint white around the part I want. I choose a rough brush because I think it helps to have a non-hard edge between where you’ve erased and where you haven’t to help it look more natural.
STEP TWO: ADJUST LEVELS (LIGHTLY!)
With less information to mess with, and most of the big stuff taken care of, I adjust the levels. Don’t go nuts doing this, though I totally find it tempting, too! I try to stay just right of the big peak of white because if I put the marker in the middle of the white it ends up looking too washed out (especially if I have “grey” tones like shaded-in skin tones). I mostly just adjust the white and then carefully tweak the middle values and barely touch the darkest values for sketches, or else the whole thing starts to look too garish. It’s okay if there are a few fuzzballs that adjusting the levels didn’t fix, we’ll get to those.
STEP THREE: FIX FUZZBALLS BY PAINTING
See these fuzzballs?
This is when I go through and paint with the paintbrush in white the little imperfections away. I also sometimes edit the drawing a little here like removing those crazy sketch lines at the bottom of the drawing.
AFTER (I didn’t get them all this time, oh well)
STEP FOUR: RUBBER STAMP AWAY YOUR MESS UPS!
Sometimes I bung things up in a way I can’t erase with painting, so I use the rubber stamp tool. This thing is a powerful tool, so I recommend treating it with respect and not going nuts with it. :) I used to overuse it and it makes pieces look blurry or fuzzy. I dab with it now (with a tablet pen) and I also recommend playing with the opacity/flow in the “other dynamics” settings on the brush. It took me years to realize you could edit the tip of the rubber stamp, durr, but I seriously recommend it! It makes the stamp look much more natural (a must for watercolor editing which will come tomorrow).
Here are the things we’re trying to remove:
Settings I use. The brush is under “wet media brushes” in the basic brushes that come with photoshop cs4 (I’m behind, what). The other dynamics are set to off with this picture because what I was removing wasn’t complicated, but I think it’s worth playing with them to see what you like:
And there you have it! It’s not perfect, but then again, it IS a sketch! :) I hope that helps, guys, and thanks once again for all your support! Stay-tuned, tomorrow I’ll post a tutorial on how to edit watercolor scans!
White People: The Middle East is so barbaric. They’ll cut off a person’s hand just for stealing!
White People when an unarmed black kid is murdered by police in America: Yeah, but he shoplifted some cigarillos, so…